ELL-U, the English Language Learner University, teaches courses for language learners and teachers. A course I am taking right now, "English Language Acquisitions - Myths, Beliefs and What the Research Shows," has added something to what I will be teaching new tutors on the subject of error correction.
The style of correction I have been promoting, known to Literacy Network tutors as the "understanding response," is listed below as a "recast correction." Some of the methods they mention, e.g. "metalinguistic feedback" seem too abstruse for a learner outside of a university course. But the techniques taught in the course are, overall, humane and positive enough to keep a learner talking without drawing glaring attention to their errors. Anyone can register for free. Sign up and learn what you can.
|Clarification request||Teacher uses phrases like "Pardon me?" or "I don't understand." to indicate an error or lack of clarity, and the need to repeat or rephrase.|
|Recast correction||Teacher implicitly rephrases the student's error or provides the correction, but does not directly indicate the student's error.|
|Elicitation||Teacher asks questions, pauses to allow sentence completion, or asks students rephrase, to elicit the correct form from the student....|
|Repetition||Teacher repeats the error with rising intonation to call attention to it.|